Subwoofer VS Soundbar: Which is Right for You?

In the world of home audio systems, the debate between a Subwoofer and a Soundbar is evergreen.

A Subwoofer is specialized for reproducing low-frequency audio signals, while a Soundbar is a slim, unobtrusive device that incorporates multiple speakers to deliver high and mid-range frequencies.

The key differences lie in their functionality, frequency range, and the quality of sound they offer.

Choosing between the two can significantly impact your audio experience.

In this article, we will try to understand which one is better based on several factors and your requirements.

Understanding the basics

Both subs and soundbar have their unique roles and functionalities and understanding these basics is crucial for anyone looking to enhance their audio experience.

Basic Functionality and Definition of a Soundbar

A Soundbar is a type of speaker designed to project audio from a wide enclosure.

Typically positioned under a television or affixed to the wall, the purpose is to enhance the audio output of your TV or home entertainment setup.

These elongated speakers are especially beneficial for televisions that have subpar integrated audio, providing a noticeable improvement in sound performance.

They often incorporate multiple audio channels to simulate surround sound, although the effectiveness can vary based on the model and setup.

Basic Functionality and Definition of a Subwoofer

On the other hand, a Subwoofer is specialized in reproducing low-frequency audio signals, commonly known as bass.

Contrary to soundbars that manage a wide spectrum of frequencies, subwoofers concentrate on producing intense, profound bass that resonates both in hearing and sensation.

They’re typically paired with additional sound devices to offer a more comprehensive audio ambiance.

Frequency Range and Types

When it comes to audio equipment, one of the most crucial factors to consider is the frequency range.

This range determines the variety of sounds that the device can reproduce, from the lowest lows to the highest highs.

In this section, we’ll explore the frequency ranges and types of Soundbars and Subwoofers.

Frequency Range of a Subwoofer

A Subwoofer specializes in producing low-frequency audio signals, typically ranging from 20 Hz to 200 Hz.

This limited spectrum (narrow range) permits the subwoofer to emphasize producing profound, robust bass, enhancing the overall sound experience.

Whether you’re watching an action-packed movie or listening to music with heavy bass lines, a subwoofer can make a significant difference in how you perceive sound quality.

Frequency Range of a Soundbar

In contrast, a Soundbar offers a much broader frequency range, usually from 20 Hz to 20 kHz.

This wide range allows the soundbar to reproduce not just the bass but also the high and mid-range frequencies.

As a result, soundbars are more versatile and can handle a variety of audio types, from dialogue and vocals to musical instruments and sound effects.

They are particularly useful for enhancing the audio of your TV or home theater system.

Types of Subwoofers: Passive and Active

Subwoofers come in two main types i.e., Passive and Active.

  • Passive Subwoofers: These require an external amplifier to power them. They are generally used in more complex audio systems where the user wants more control over the audio frequencies and quality of sound.
  • Active Subwoofers: These have a built-in amplifier, making them more convenient as standalone devices. They are easier to set up and are generally more suitable for simple, plug-and-play audio systems.

Also Read: Active vs Passive Subwoofer (Difference Explained)

Types of Soundbars: Single-channel and Multi-channel

Soundbars also come in various types, primarily categorized as Single-channel and Multi-channel.

  • Single-channel Soundbars: These are the most basic types, offering a single channel of audio. They are good for enhancing TV audio but lack the depth and immersion of multi-channel systems.
  • Multi-channel Soundbars: These offer multiple audio channels, often simulating a surround sound system. They can come in configurations like 2.1, 5.1, or even 7.1, where the first number indicates the number of primary audio channels, and the number after the decimal indicates if a subwoofer is included.

Understanding the frequency range and types of Soundbars and Subwoofers can help you make an informed decision based on your audio needs

Built-in Subwoofer Vs Separate Subwoofer Soundbar

When it comes to enhancing the audio experience of your TV or home theater, the Soundbar and Subwoofer are often the go-to choices.

But what if you could combine both in a single gadget? Some soundbars come with built-in subwoofers, offering a two-in-one solution.

Let’s discuss the subwoofer vs. soundbar comparison, specifically comparing soundbars with built-in subwoofers to those with separate subwoofers.

Soundbars with Built-in Subwoofers

These are Soundbars that incorporate a Subwoofer within the same cabinet.

They aim to offer a balanced audio experience that covers both high and mid-range frequencies as well as low-frequency audio signals.


  • Simplicity: One of the most significant advantages is the ease of setup and installation. You don’t need to connect multiple audio equipment pieces, making it a straightforward choice for those new to home audio systems.
  • Space-Saving: These soundbars are generally more compact, saving you valuable space in your living room or home theater.
  • Price: Often, these are more budget-friendly than buying a separate soundbar and subwoofer.


  • Sound Quality: While convenient, the bass may not be as powerful or as deep as a standalone Subwoofer. The built-in subwoofer has limitations in driver size and wattage, affecting the quality of sound.
  • Less Customization: You have fewer options to tweak the audio frequencies and acoustics, making it less flexible for audio game enthusiasts.

Soundbars with Separate Subwoofers

These are Soundbars that come as paired devices with a separate Subwoofer.

They offer a more dynamic audio experience, especially when it comes to surround sound and bass.


  • Superior Sound Quality: The bass is generally more potent and deeper, thanks to the dedicated Subwoofer with its own amplifier and larger driver.
  • Customization: With separate devices, you have more control over audio channels, frequency range, and room treatment, allowing for a more personalized audio experience.
  • Passive vs Active Choices: You have the option to choose between passive and active subwoofers, depending on your audio needs and system complexity.


  • Complex Setup: The installation can be more complicated, requiring you to sync multiple audio equipment pieces.
  • Price: Generally, these setups are more expensive, especially if you opt for high-end models.
  • Space: A separate subwoofer will take up more room, which might be a concern for those with limited space.

Advantages and Disadvantages

When it comes to enhancing your audio experience, both Subwoofers and Soundbars have their unique sets of advantages and disadvantages.

Understanding these can help you make an informed decision, whether you’re setting up a new TV, audio system, or home theater.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Using a Subwoofer

Subwoofers are specialized devices that focus on delivering powerful low-frequency audio signals, commonly known as bass.


  • Deep Bass: One of the most significant benefits is the ability to produce deep, resonant bass that can make your audio experience more immersive.
  • Enhanced Audio Dynamics: Subwoofers can add depth and dimension to any audio system, making movies, music, and games more engaging.
  • Customization: With passive and active subwoofers, you have more control over audio frequencies, impedance, and wattage, allowing for a tailored audio experience.


  • Complex Setup: Installing a subwoofer often requires a more complicated setup, especially if you’re integrating it into an existing audio system.
  • Price: High-quality subwoofers can be expensive, adding to the overall cost of your audio equipment.
  • Space: Subwoofers, especially those with larger drivers and cabinets, can take up considerable space in your room.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Using a Soundbar

Soundbars are versatile devices designed to improve the sound quality of your TV or audio system across a broad frequency range.


  • Easy Installation: One of the biggest pros is the ease of setup. Most soundbars are plug-and-play, making them accessible even for audio novices.
  • Space-Saving: Their sleek design allows them to fit neatly under a TV or on a wall, saving space in your home theater or living room.
  • Versatility: With options for single-channel vs multi-channel configurations, soundbars can offer a range of audio experiences, from simple stereo to simulated surround sound.


  • Limited Bass: While some soundbars come with built-in subwoofers, they often can’t match the deep bass provided by a standalone Subwoofer.
  • Sound Quality: While good for general use, audiophiles may find the sound quality lacking compared to a more complex audio system.
  • Less Customization: Soundbars offer fewer options for tweaking audio frequencies, acoustics, and room treatment.

Space and Installation

  • Space Requirements: When it comes to space requirements, Soundbars and Subwoofers have different needs:
  • Soundbars: These are generally more compact and can easily fit under a TV or be wall-mounted. They are ideal for smaller living spaces or rooms where you want to maintain a minimalist aesthetic.
  • Subwoofers: These are bulkier and require more floor space. The size of the cabinet and driver can vary, but they usually need a dedicated area in the room, often in a corner for optimal acoustics.

Installation Ease or Complexity

  • Soundbars: These are usually straightforward to set up. Most are plug-and-play, requiring minimal installation and setup time.
  • Subwoofers: These can be more complex to install, especially if you’re integrating them into an existing audio system or home theater. The setup might involve crossover settings and impedance matching with other audio equipment.

Power Consumption and Connectivity

Power Usage

  • Soundbars: Generally consume less power, making them more energy-efficient. They are often powered directly from a wall outlet or sometimes even from the TV itself.
  • Subwoofers: These usually consume more power, especially active subwoofers with built-in amplifiers.

Connection Types

Both Soundbars and Subwoofers offer various connection options:

  • Soundbars: Commonly use HDMI, optical, Bluetooth, or Wi-Fi for connectivity.
  • Subwoofers: Typically connect via RCA cables, though some newer models offer wireless connectivity.

Bass Management and Optimization

  • Soundbars: Limited in bass management, especially those without a separate subwoofer. Some advanced models do offer basic equalizer settings.
  • Subwoofers: Offer more flexibility in managing bass but may require additional audio equipment like an amplifier with crossover settings for optimal performance.

Soundbar vs. Subwoofer – Which is Right for You?

When deciding between a Soundbar and a Subwoofer, consider the following:

  • Budget: Soundbars are generally more budget-friendly, especially those without a separate subwoofer.
  • Room Size: Subwoofers require more space and are better suited for larger rooms or dedicated home theaters.
  • Listening Preferences: If you love deep bass, a subwoofer is almost a necessity. For general TV watching, a soundbar may suffice.
  • Overall Needs: Consider your lifestyle, audio experience preferences, and how you plan to use the system.

So, if you’re looking for deep bass and are willing to invest in a more complex setup, a Subwoofer might be the right choice.

On the other hand, if you want a simple, space-saving solution to improve your TV’s audio, a Soundbar could be more appropriate.

Wrap up

Both Soundbars and Subwoofers have their merits and drawbacks.

Your choice between the two will depend on your specific needs, audio game, and living conditions.

If you’re looking for simplicity and are tight on space, a soundbar is a good choice.

However, if you’re an audiophile who values deep bass and customization, a subwoofer will serve you better.

Frequently Asked Questions

How does a soundbar differ from a soundbar equipped with a subwoofer?

A soundbar equipped with a subwoofer offers a richer audio experience compared to a standalone soundbar. The subwoofer provides deeper bass, adding a layer of depth to the overall sound.

What distinguishes a 2.1 soundbar from a 5.1 soundbar?

The primary difference between a 2.1 and a 5.1 soundbar lies in the number of audio channels they offer. In a 2.1 soundbar, the “2” represents two audio channels, usually for the left and right speakers. The “1” after the decimal indicates the inclusion of a subwoofer. In contrast, a 5.1 soundbar has five audio channels, typically for front left, front right, center, rear left, and rear right speakers, along with a subwoofer.

What should be the distance between the subwoofer and the soundbar?

There’s no hard and fast rule for the distance between a subwoofer and a soundbar. The positioning should be optimized based on the room’s acoustics to achieve the best sound quality.

Is having a subwoofer essential for a TV?

Having a subwoofer is not essential for a TV, but it does enhance the audio experience. A subwoofer is particularly beneficial for enjoying movies and music, as it provides deeper bass and a more immersive sound.

Can I pair any subwoofer with my soundbar?

Generally, you cannot pair just any subwoofer with your soundbar. Compatibility depends on various factors such as impedance, wattage, and connection types. It’s advisable to consult the manufacturer’s guidelines for compatible models.

Is it possible to add an additional subwoofer to a soundbar?

Yes, it is possible to add an additional subwoofer to a soundbar. However, the compatibility and setup process can be complex and may require specialized knowledge.

Meet the maestro behind our subwoofer symphony - Hemant Sarkar. With 15+ years of experience in speaker and home appliance troubleshooting, Hemant's expertise shines through in every word he shares. For all things subwoofers and sound systems, you can trust his seasoned guidance. Contact Hemant at hemant (at)